Your Questions About Wind Generators For Boats

Lisa asks…

Would you like to live on a deserted island?

Also which objects would you like to bring with you? Think about it! For example, if you wanted electricity.. where would you get the generator? What about fuel for it? How would you operate it?

admin answers:

I definetly would need a years collection of books, including all the Jane Austen/Charlotte Bronte classics to keep me going 🙂

I would also basically need a full stock of food and water , some proteins, some carboyhydrates, some fats, and some minerals, so I was getting all the right nutrients so I wouldn’t die of scurvy, lol.

A trowel, to dig holes for the treasure 🙂
Veg seeds, I’m a practical person!
A hat, that sun is bad for you you know
MP3 player with head phones and wind up charger thing (do they exist for MP3’s?!)

A book on “Surviving on a desert Island for dummies” 🙂 Guess that is kind of cheating.

A manual on how to build boats.

Zac Efron to build the boat. (Aha =] )

X

Richard asks…

What is the best type of battery to use for a solar battery bank?

And where can I find them at a decent price in central Florida?
And what is an appropriate gauge for the battery cables?

admin answers:

HEY READ THIS ARTICLE … I have attached the link too … I like the question … Wanted to learn … So i looked up 🙂

Solar Power 101
Batteries

By Jeffrey Yago, P.E., CEM

This article is the first in a series of what will be a beginner’s course in solar electricty. Simultaneously we have instituted a Home Energy Information (www.homeenergy.info) section on our website where you can ask questions of Jeff Yago, the author of this series. Yago is a licensed professional engineer and certified energy manager who has writtten many energy articles for BHM. He has extensive solar thermal and solar photovoltaic system design experience, and is author of Achieving Energy Independence — One Step At A Time, which includes many solar system wiring examples. It is available from the Backwoods Home Bookstore or by calling 804-457-9566. Those interested in solar electricity will want to save these articles for future review when planning your solar system.

I am getting numerous requests from readers wanting very specific guidance on how to install their own solar electric systems. Many have already found that this process is a little like trying to build an automobile by purchasing parts from a NAPA dealer. For example, you can buy a brake drum, wheel bearing, and oil filter, but since your car does not yet exist, how do you know what parts you need, what parts will fit with other parts, and how should these parts be wired together.

During the next few issues, I will take you through the “basics” of solar system design and installation, and answer your specific questions as we go along. This course will continue on the Backwoods Home Magazine website (www.backwoodshome.com) under their new Home Energy Information (www.homeenergy.info) section. You will be able to e-mail your installation questions and offer suggestions for future home energy saving articles.

Before I can help you design your own solar power system, you have to understand that there are actually many different types of solar power systems, for many different applications.

System types
Some solar power systems are 12-volt DC due to the many low voltage RV and boating lighting and appliances available, and do not have a utility line connection. These DC only systems can be used to power several DC lights in a remote cabin, or a DC well pump in a field for watering cattle. Some solar power systems have an inverter to convert a 12, 24, or 48-volt DC battery voltage into 120-volt AC power to operate standard household appliances. Some grid connected solar power systems are designed for direct connection to your utility line and do not use any batteries at all.

Hybrid solar power systems can include a battery bank, a solar array, a generator, and even a wind turbine to provide power at all times with the utility grid serving only as backup. Inverters and solar arrays are available in many different styles, voltages, and wiring configurations. Some solar arrays are mounted on the roof, some on the top of a pole, and some are ground mounted, with each having different wiring rules.

If you visit a solar home that has a well designed and properly installed solar power system, you will find the concept is actually fairly simple. The hard part is knowing what wiring layout was best for this specific home, what size and quantity of each system component was required, and what wire size and fuses were needed to keep from burning down the house.

Batteries
One of the most misunderstood parts of a solar power system is the battery or battery bank, and that is where our class begins. Some solar battery banks use wet cells, like golf cart batteries, while others use sealed or gel cell batteries, and each have different temperature, mounting, and ventilation requirements.

Every battery is designed for a specific type of charge and discharge cycle. Car batteries have thin plates to keep their weight down and are designed for a heavy discharge lasting a few seconds, followed by a long period of slow re-charge. A 6-volt golf cart battery (size T-105) is the minimum battery I recommend for a residential solar application. You will need to buy these in “pairs” to make 12 volts. Golf cart batteries have very thick plates and are designed for hours of heavy discharge each day, followed by a fast recharge in only a few hours each night. This is similar to the duty cycle of a residential solar application, only in reverse. A solar battery must be able to provide long periods of deep discharge each evening and night, followed by a full recharge in only a few hours of sunlight each afternoon. Very few batteries can take a deep discharge-recharge cycle every day, and the 6-volt golf cart battery is the least expensive and easiest to find locally that can.

For some reason, everyone wants to use a sealed marine battery for their homegrown solar system. I strongly recommend that you do not. Included is a photo showing a sealed marine battery that “exploded” after being connected to a small solar charger for several months.

Even though this was a small 12-volt DC 5-amp solar charge controller powered from a single 50-watt solar photovoltaic module, this was enough energy to gradually overcharge the battery and evaporate all of the electrolyte even though this battery was “sealed.” A low electrolyte level can expose the plates which will gradually warp or “grow” in thickness as they oxidize. This can cause an internal short circuit and ignition of the hydrogen gas.

Plate damage can also occur when there is a large buildup of sediment after the upper plate areas become exposed from reduced water levels and begin to “flake” off. Most liquid acid batteries do not vent gasses while discharging. However, near the end of a typical charging cycle, when the battery is almost “full,” the sulfuric acid and water electrolyte will begin to break down into hydrogen and oxygen—a very explosive combination.

When ignited by a nearby spark or flame, an “explosion” can result, but this flash lasts only a fraction of a second, which is usually too fast to ignite nearby walls. However, this is still a very explosive reaction, with plastic battery parts becoming acid-covered shrapnel. While using a hand grinder one day in a shop, I accidentally directed the sparks towards several car batteries being charged about 30 feet away. There was a very loud explosive sound with acid and plastic hitting every wall of the large shop, yet I did not see a flame and there was no fire. Regardless, it was not a pleasant experience.

Always wear eye protection and acid proof gloves when working around batteries, and have lots of water and baking soda nearby. This will neutralize any acid spills from battery refilling and prevent further corrosive damage.

A typical 6-volt golf cart battery will store about 1 kilowatt-hour of useful energy (6 volt X 220 amp-hr X 80% discharge = 1056 watt-hours). Since this would only power two 50-watt incandescent lamps for 10 hours (2 X 50 X 10 = 1000 watt-hours), your alternative energy system will most likely require wiring several batteries together to create a battery bank. Since each golf cart battery weighs almost 65 pounds, there are weight considerations as well as battery gas venting issues to think about.

An area of a garage or storage building having a concrete floor is the most common location for a battery bank, although some large systems have their own specially designed battery room. I am going to assume you are installing a much smaller system and will only require four to eight batteries.

If you need more than the 220 amp-hr capacity contained in each golf cart battery, I suggest switching to the larger “L-16” size traction battery, having a 350 amp-hour rating, which may allow using fewer batteries. This battery is the same length and width as a golf cart battery, but is much taller and twice as heavy. This is an excellent battery for solar applications and can take very heavy charge-discharge cycling. This industrial rated battery may be more difficult to find, as it is only available from battery wholesale distributors.

Batteries can lose over half of their charge when exposed to extreme temperature swings, so be sure your proposed battery location stays in a 50° to 80° F range, or you will need to insulate the battery box. Since liquid batteries require refilling and battery terminal cleaning to remove corrosion several times each year, the floor area selected should be able to take an occasional acid spill and water wash down.

Battery venting is very important as discussed earlier, and if you build an enclosure around your batteries, it should be designed to direct all vented gasses to the outside. A 2-inch PVC pipe makes a good vent, but be sure it is located at the highest point in your battery enclosure where the lighter hydrogen gas will accumulate. Be sure it also includes a screened vent cap to keep out rain and insects. Do not locate your battery bank near a gas water heater or other open flame appliance that could ignite any accidental hydrogen accumulation.

A battery box can be built using standard 2 x 4 framing construction, with pressure treated plywood lining the interior surfaces. A hinged top door is needed for periodic battery maintenance, and should include a gasket to prevent gases from entering the room. Note how the top of the site-built battery box shown in these photos slopes up to a high rear area where two PVC vent pipes are located. The interior plywood surfaces of this wood frame construction were painted with several coats of fire and acid resistant paint. Since batteries lose capacity with lower temperatures, your batteries should not rest directly on a cold uninsulated concrete floor.

Pressure treated 2 x 4s on edge, spaced every 6 inches and covered by a fiberglass laminated concrete board, makes an excellent base for your battery box. This heavy sheet material is sold in most building supply outlets as a backing behind ceramic tile work in wet shower stalls, and is usually available in smaller 2-foot by 4-foot sizes. By careful planning, you may be able to use the entire sheet without cutting or splicing.

If you can afford to invest in the more expensive gel or absorbed glass matte (AGM) batteries, you will have more flexibility in locating your battery bank, since these batteries do not need to be refilled and do not normally generate explosive gasses. The photo shows a large battery bank with the batteries mounted close together in a vertical steel rack. You do not need a vapor proof enclosure or vent pipe when using these batteries, however they cost almost 30 percent more without providing any additional life or storage capacity.

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Jobs

David asks…

Do you think that the Energy and Climate Change Bill has a chance of passing the Senate?

I really hope so, because the Gulf Spill shows we need to find new sources of Energy.

This Bill will also create millions of jobs, by getting factories in the business of creating wind turbines.

I hope we do not let the Oil Companies win, because they want us depended on oil forever.

admin answers:

I hope so, but with the senate republicans plan to stall during kagan’s confirmation and the need for immigration reform (thanks AZ for forcing that to the top of the list- aholes) there is a lot to get done, and with republicans unprecedented obstruction its a tall order to get all that done.

I notice your first responder, Mr Bong, brings up the fake climate change denial report from Spain funded by america’s larger polluter. Not a real credible report Mr Bong.

Ken asks…

How do I get involved in Wind Energy?

I am interested in supplying and installing wind turbines in Michigan. How do I get started?

admin answers:

The best way would be to try to get a job with the company that will be operating them (power company). To get a job with them, you will need some skills either mechanical or electrical. An engineering degree would be best but if you have knowledge of industrial equipment (coupling alignment, stretching bolts, mechanical seals) that could also get you in the door.

The alternative route would be to go through the construction company installing the units. If you could get a job with them as either an electrician or millwright, that could be your foot in the door.

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Generators For Home

Sandra asks…

What are ways to save electricity with a Wind Turbine?

I’m doing an assignment on wind turbines and how they help save electricity, and how they work. Could I get some help?

admin answers:

One way of saving money is saving on electricity. Buy energy saving bulbs, turn off lighting that is not in use and minimizing the use of some of your electrical appliances. But the latter is just so hard to give up especially television. Just imagine all the shows that you will miss. Well, no need to worry as there is an alternative way in order for you to save on electricity.

Some homeowners are now switching to alternative ways to generate electricity!
Generating your own Wind Power at home is the answer. Wind Mills or Wind Turbines, however you may call it, are machines designed to generate electrical energy by utilizing the Power of the Wind. It is usually made of 3 steel blades that are mounted horizontally on top of a tower. The blades start to rotate when the Wind blows by it. As soon as the blades rotate, it will then generate a certain amount of electrical energy. The current will then flow to the Generator which is connected to a dry cell. The dry cell will then supply the household with electricity.

Carol asks…

how much energy does it take to kick-start a modern 3 fin wind turbine?

I have checked Google for a while – and cannot find anything related to kick-starting wind turbines! but i do know that it has to be done in low wind speeds? it just seems that EVERY site online is just copy paste information from the same crappy source.
They do indeed have breaks … and they do also need some energy to start them in low wind speeds … it’s all about the inertia and momentum! at least i assume so!

admin answers:

Hey Chris, this might dissapoint you, but they don’t need kick starting, at least the modern ones don’t. Generally the blades are, “feathered,” or turned so they are at a knife edge to the wind until the wind speed is several mph faster than the turbines cut in speed for a predetermined amount of time. This is done so the generation of power is not right at the starting speed cusp, so any slight change in wind causes the torque to be produced intermittently. Once this speed / time requirement is met, the blades are unfeathered and set at some starting pitch initially until the rotor almost reaches design speed. After that they are set according to the computers program for the wind speed and rpm. The equipement that feathers and unfeathers the blades of course needs a small amount of power when it is being used. It can be turned on and off at the control facility with the click of a mouse. Mechanical brakes were all but done away with in the 70’s, when most turbines began using induction braking. This is nothing more than taking the different windings of the generator and connecting them together to short out the current flow. This causes the magnetic drag on the rotor to go up astronomically, stopping the blade. Most of the really large latest units today don’t even have that, they just feather the blades instead and use aerodynamic braking.

We have a home sized turbine in our yard, and it does not require a kick start either. If the brake is off, then it starts to rotate in very light wind, but not fast enough to produce power. Once it blows harder than 9mph consistently, then the rpm causes the generator to exceed the battery voltage and current begins to flow into the battery as long as the rotor speed is above cut in rpm. If it falls below this, or the wind stops entirely, current stops flowing, the blades may coast to a stop, but it is not “using” any power during this time, and does not need any for starting, just the wind. Our unit uses an induction brake as well, no mechanical brakes are installed. Take care Chris, Rudydoo

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Your Questions About Wind Generators Cost

Steven asks…

Why DFIG wind generators are designed for less number of poles?

Mostly. DFIG wind generators are designed for less number of poles ,but why not multi-pole??
can anyone clarify my doubts….
Thanks a lot

admin answers:

It is not mechanically feasible to make a DFIG with a sufficient number of poles to match the synchronous speed to the optimum speed of a wind turbine. The space required for numerous stator windings would make the machine too large and heavy for mounting in the nacelle of the turbine. Since the speed increasing gear can not be eliminated entirely, the DFIG speed and the gear ratio are selected to optimize the cost, size and weight of the combination.

A PMSG using rare-earth magnets can be designed for a speed that allows the gear to be eliminated. The resulting machine has a larger diameter than a DFIG of the same power rating, but the cost and weight of the PMSG without a gear make it competitive with the DFIG package. The complete package comparison includes the cost and complexity comparisons of the electronic power conversion units and the expected reliability comparison of the two packages.

This is the basic outline of the design considerations. The complete analysis must be rather complex and contain assessments that are not viewed in the same way by everyone who undertakes such designs.

Donna asks…

Can a homeowner purchase a wind generator at what cost and eliminate an electric bill?

admin answers:

The only cost effective installation I’ve seen is at a home where connection to commercial AC power was very expensive. The home owner was quoted about $15000 to run a line to the house, and this became the alternate energy budget. Several solar panels, both for electricity and water heating were installed on the roof. A wind generator was installed on a 80 foot pole to supplement the solar panels. Battery banks, inverters, etc were installed inside to power the house. All appliances were selected to be very energy efficient, lighting was minimized, but remained adequate. The total price was less than quoted for commercial power, and comes with the added benefit of no further electric bills other than routine maintenance and repair of the system.

I think that if there is commercial electricity available you will be hard pressed to justify the expense financially. I’m installing a wind system to supplement the electric use in the house. Payback looks like it could take 10-12 years, but I’m not doing it as a money saving project, but rather as something to experiment with and learn. Instead of wasting money on cigarettes and beer every week, I’ve stashed money aside to finance my project.

I have pictures, electric diagrams, structural drawings, etc on my web page.
Http://members.rennlist.org/warren/wind.html

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Technician

Joseph asks…

Wind turbines – what is practical and effective ?

Is it only small wind turbines that can practically be purchased in the UK and can be mounted on roofs? I would like to investigate the possibility of a very large company, with many buildings and very high energy bills, harnessing wind power. There is not enough land space for a free standing large turbine but plenty of roof space (I will also look into PV panels but would like to understand wind further first). It is quite an Urban are, but the company has one very tall building)
Thanks for any advice…..

admin answers:

Here is an article that might answer your question from Ben Ford… He has been around for a while and is an experienced inventor and author on green energy .He showed me how cheap it is to build wind and solar… That will be me out there repairing my fence this summer and building solar and wind power!
Author Ben Ford
How would you react if your neighbor told you she was going to build wind turbines? Pretty impressed? The truth is that it is not difficult to build wind turbines and many homeowners are taking the challenge to build their own wind turbines as a cost-effective means to utilizing renewable energies. It isn’t exactly snap-your-fingers easy to build wind turbines either, but with the proper plans and a motivated builder you can be building wind turbines in no time.

It is definitely your best bet, before setting out to build wind turbines, to purchase an instruction manual or guide to follow. Remember that you get what you pay for when it comes to instructions. Make sure you find a manual that is easy to read with detailed instructions. There are also many online resources and forums to help guide you through your wind turbine building process.

To familiarize yourself with the basics, before you get started on your project to build wind turbines, there are four basic components to wind turbines. To build wind turbines you must be familiar with the towers, the batteries, the turbines and the tail and propeller assembly. The tools generally required to build wind turbines are simple as well, you will need wrenches, a saw and a drill. There may also be a need for additional tools depending on how of the wind turbine you will be building yourself.

One part that you will probably be ordering when you decide to build wind turbines is the motor. The motors on wind turbines do require regular maintenance and oiling for continued efficiency, but this is a small price to pay for the excellent energy these systems provide. In addition to the motor, you are definitely going to need a good-sized workspace. Depending on your target energy output, your propellers or blades could get up to 8 feet in diameter (4 ft blades).

It takes a little work to build wind turbines, but there is really nothing overly complicated about the process and generally the process can be fairly inexpensive once you are operational and your electric bills are dropping each month. Building wind turbines is also a fast growing occupation worldwide as technicians are tough to find. So learn how to build wind turbines for yourself and take advantage of the opportunities free electricity and know how can provide.

Nancy asks…

If you were to choose a subject for a poster what would you choose?

So i’m doing this poster for school and the teacher gave us 5 options to choose from: Wind power, Biomass energy, Hydro power, Geothermal energy or Solar power. I’m not sure what to chose could you give me some answers of what to choose?
We are discussing about global warming and these are some ways to change it.

admin answers:

Hi Lara. We have been powering our home for 11 years now with the wind and sun. There are also solar water preheaters, rainwater collection tanks and a wood stove in the living room and shop. For the past 6 years or so, I’ve been going to the local schools and teaching seminars on solar power, and in some cases, the schools have run bus loads of kids out to our place to see a home like this first hand. One thing I’ve learned over the years is almost everyone asks questions about wind turbines first. There is something about them, the way they move, the noise people imagine when they see even a picture of one that draws their attention.

Wind power is actually a bit of work. The machines are mounted in very inaccessible places, they have moving parts that break down, they can make unwanted noise, and anyone within a quarter mile has to see the thing, yet everyone wants to learn more. Pictures of solar panels are cool, but they never move or even change color when they run. Pictures of a biomass operation sound absolutely ugly. Probably the wood stove would be the best of them. If it were me, and you wanted to draw attention with your poster, go with wind. Look online for interesting pictures of turbines, particularly in unusual places, like a remote artic weather station, next to a camping tent, on a sailboat or a mountain. A really good eye catcher is a big one with a technician hanging on the side of the tower in a harness working on the turbine. That really gives you a great idea how large the units can be. I’ll list some places you can look for photos, and information you can add to the poster. Good luck Lara, and take care, Rudydoo

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Generators Australia

Sharon asks…

Wind Power – Is it truly green?

The whole world seems to think that wind power is environmentally friendly.

How can this be so when we are now extracting many thousands of GigaWatts of power from the wind by means of wind generators. This must in turn have a braking effect on the earth´s air currents. Look what happens when El Nino occurs causing the water currents to reverse off South America? It causes droughts + fires in the USA and floods in Australia.

I will be very relieved if someone can convince me that wind power will not have an adverse effect the worlds weather patterns.

At the moment it is my opinion that the whole world seems to be burying it`s head in the sand on this issue! I´m all for green, renewable energy, but is wind power truly green?

Martyn Pridham

admin answers:

I think with any system if energy is removed then the ‘natural’ state of the system must be disrupted somehow. With wind we must consider how much we are taking out of the overall system. The first thing to note is that the winds are largely driven by solar heating – causing high and low pressures to form through air density differences which act to even out by transporting air between them. The sheer scale of the energy and the vertical distribution of the wind means that even with our best efforts we can currently only harvest a small amount of the wind energy at surface level, let alone for the whole 10km of the troposphere. The effect that this will have is for the wind farm to be ‘seen’ by the lower winds as an area of increased surface friction, in a similar way to a large tree might be seen. This might lead to local effects close to the turbines but I don’t think it would be noticeable without high-tech equipment. As for global effects like El Nino then we would have to be seriously affecting the upper controlling winds (like the jet stream) and global circulation cells.
I would say that if the entire globe was covered in wind turbines then I would expect some dampening of the atmospheric circulation system, but since this is unlikely and we currently (key word!) extract a tiny percentage of the available energy then it is not of concern.

According to Greenpeace, we currently extract 6.0xE4 MW per year in the world. The total energy in the global wind is estimated at 3.6xE9 MW. With five orders of magnitude difference we have a long way to go before we impact on the wind in the atmosphere. Also there is a limit of 59% (called Betz limit) on how much we could extract.

To be green I think we should reduce our energy consumption, be efficient, and use the whole set of renewable available to “play with a full set of clubs”. In addition, I think we should return to this issue if wind power begins to extract a more significant amount of energy from the atmosphere.

Steven asks…

what are some benefits of tidal power?

admin answers:

Tidal power is a means of electricity generation achieved by capturing the energy contained in moving water mass due to tides. Two types of tidal energy can be extracted: kinetic energy of currents due the tides and potential energy from the difference in height (or head) between high and low tides.
The extraction of potential energy involves building a barrage. The barrage traps a water level inside a basin. Head is created when the water level outside of the basin changes relative to the water level inside. The head is used to drive turbines. In any design this leads to a decrease of tidal range inside the basin, implying a reduced transfer of water between the basin and the sea. This reduced transfer of water accounts for the energy produced by the scheme.

Tidal power is classified as a renewable energy source, because tides are caused by the orbital mechanics of the solar system and are considered inexhaustible within a human timeframe. The root source of the energy comes from the slow deceleration orbit of the moon around the Earth, and the deceleration of the Earth’s rotation. Tidal power has great potential for future power and electricity generation because of the total amount of energy contained in this rotation. Tidal power is reliably predictable (unlike wind energy and solar power).

The efficiency of tidal power generation largely depends on the amplitude of the tidal swell, which can be up to 10 m (33 ft) where the periodic tidal waves funnel into rivers and fjords. Amplitudes of up to 17 m (56 ft) occur for example in the Bay of Fundy, where tidal resonance amplifies the tidal waves.

As with wind power, selection of location is critical for a tidal power generator. The potential energy contained in a volume of water is

E = xMg
where x is the height of the tide, M is the mass of water and g is the acceleration due to gravity. Therefore, a tidal energy generator must be placed in a location with very high-amplitude tides. Suitable locations are found in the former USSR, USA, Canada, Australia, Korea, the UK and other countries (see below).
Several smaller tidal power plants have recently started generating electricity in Norway. They all exploit the strong periodic tidal currents in narrow fjords using sub-surface water turbines.____For more information go to the site below.

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Your Questions About Wind Generators

Ruth asks…

How do I make a homebuilt wind generator power ?

Does anybody know?

I really want to make a homebuilt wind generator power but have no idea how. Im a complete noob when it comes to this stuff lol

admin answers:

Homebuilt wind power generators can be built with just a few parts that you probably already have laying around your home.

If you want to power household items like TVs, washing machine etc then you will need an inverter. These are quite cheap though.

I got my instructions on homebuilt wind power generators from http://www.earth4energy.com and it made life HEAPS easier for me.

Mary asks…

Looking to purchase a Wind Generator for my home.?

What is the brand name of Wind Generators on the market in Canada or the USA? Anyone got a good website or address where I can purchase one – DO NOT SEND the answer – EBay.

admin answers:

You are to be commended for pursuing alternative energy sources. Try one or all of the links bellow. I hope this helps.

Http://www.cetsolar.com/windpower.htm

Home

http://www.absak.com

http://www.solardyne.com

http://www.wind-works.org/books/wind_power2004_contents.html

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Manufacturers

Daniel asks…

Maximum how much electricity can a wind turbine produce.?

Maximum how much electricity can a Wind Turbine(big size) produce(KW/MW)?
How expensive is a wind turbine?
If any one know about a wind turbine manufacturer company then please send me a link.

Best regards

admin answers:

About 6 MW is the largest. That size is many US$M.

Here is one list
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wind_turbine_manufacturers

you can get others by searching for “wind turbine manufacturer”

David asks…

what type of energy do wind turbines produce?

what type of energy do wind turbines produce? website would also be appreciated.

admin answers:

Hey Chelsea. Wind turbines produce what is called wild AC initially, and not usable in most homes and buildings. Normally, the wild AC is converted to DC power, like a car battery by the wind tubines own control box so that it can be used to charge a battery bank of some sort. We have a home that is powered by the wind and sun, our wind turbine was built by Southwest Windpower of Flagstaff, AZ. There are other manufacturers around.

There are 2 primary ways to get the wind power into your home. One is a stand alone system like ours. The wind turbine and solar panels feed into a large battery bank whenever the wind or sun is available. Then a device called an inverter converts the battery power to normal household AC power and feeds it into the home. The other type which is fast becoming the desired approach is a grid tied system. You take the windpower and feed it directly into a grid tied inverter that converts it straight to the electrical grid, no battery. If you are producing more than you can use, the excess feeds out into the grid and is used by your neighbors, and your electrical meter spins backwards. If you are using more than you are producing, the shortage is made up from the grid and your meter spins forward. At the end of the month the meter is read, and you are billed for the difference. These are less expensive and simpler, no battery or charge controllers to buy or replace. The only problem is if the grid loses power, your wind turbine has to shut down, you can’t balance your turbiner directly to the needs of one home, the excess has to go someplace all the time. Hope this helps, take care, Rudydoo

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Your Questions About Wind Turbine Generators For Home Use

Sandra asks…

Are solar panels the best way to get electricity without harming the environment?

I have a project and im in grade nine the project is about saving electricity. We had many choices to choose from wind,hydro, solar, geothermal, nuclear and solar. I choose solar but now im wondering if i made the right decision. We have to design a poster talking about how it works and is it the BEST
way to get electricity without harming the environment ? HELP ANYONE?

admin answers:

Hey Jesse, you’re timing is perfect. Solar actually might be the best environmental way to produce electricity, but many of your anwers here are correct that it will never produce the power we need, not because solar isn’t powerful enough, but because the way we harness it is quite inefficient. Solar electric, or, “photovoltiac,” panels only convert about 12% of the incoming sun into electricity, the rest just heats up the panel. Arguments such as Erins that they offset agricultural production are baseless since most of these devices are on the roof tops of homes and businesses, or in the desert. Our home has been powered by the wind and sun for 11 years now, my panels sit on the garage roof, I don’t grow tomatoes up there, and they run the entire home. We have a wind turbine in the field behind our home, and in 11 years, I’ve never found a single dead bird under the turbine. The flower bed in front of our homes picture window is another story though. In the first days of the Altamont Pass wind project in California, there was a problem of dead birds, specifically Golden Eagles, which are rare raptors. Turns out the particular type of blade they used there mimmicked the mating call of these birds. Since then turbine blades have been redesigned, and the problem of bird kills has been pretty much eliminated. Solar electric panels are still very useful, but the real answer is actually in the desert.

The Germans are working on a project right now to use the sun and heat in the desert to make electricity which will be more like 60% efficient. How it works is they use large concentrators to focus the hot sun on collectors that heat oil to several hundred degrees. The oil is circulated into a huge insulated tank, then an oil to water heat exchanger is used to take sea water, boil it into steam and run a steam turbine. The turbine turns a generator and makes electricity. As a by product, the recondensed steam becomes fresh water, the salt is naturally extracted in the boiling process and seperated out, and the fresh water is then used to irrigate crops that will grow alongside the solar concentrators. So we can take a patch of desert, devoid of life, make electricity and grow food all at the same time with just the power of the sun. They will produce enough power to run all of Europe with just the northwest corner of the Sahara. No wildlife will be displaced, but the crops, partial shade and water will attract new wildlife to the area. Another benefit of this system is with all the oil heated and stored in an insulated tank, it can continue to boil water even when passing clouds shade the concentrators, or well into the night. So now we have access to solar power at night too. And the oil is continually recirculated, none of it gets burned or used up. Once it’s operating, it can continue to produce electricity and fresh water for decades without any emissions. It is very promising, and if it works as well there as they hope, I’m sure in another 10 years you’ll see them on all continents, including ours.

Stick with your choice for solar Jesse, we did 11 years ago, and our array puts out the same amount of power today as it did then. I’ve never turned a screw on my solar array or had to add a drop of oil, and our home has not been without power for even a minute in all those years. Hard to put a price on that. In your research you will undoubtedly hear the argument that, “Solar panels never produce as much power as was used to produce them.” This is blatently false, tons of research has been done to prove that the, “Embodied Energy,” in a solar panel is earned back in just a few years. But even if it weren’t, it wouldn’t matter. Coal, oil and natural gas electric plants never earn back their embodied energy because no matter how efficient they might be, once you build one, it then has to be fed more fuel to make electricity, so it never does get even environmentally. It always amazes me how we’ve been burning coal and oil for years, but as soon as someone comes up with something as clever as a photovoltiac panel, the world is always trying to discredit it. Keep that in mind when you are doing research and answering questions about this subject.

You can see articles and pictures of the project by clicking on the links below, or try venturing out on your own by googling phrases like, “Desertec Project,” or, “Northwest Sahara Solar Project.” You will probably find some great photos to use too. Take care Jesse, Rudydoo

William asks…

What is the best vertical axis wind turbine available?

What is the best vertical axis wind turbine available? What sites should I look at? Its for my home.

admin answers:

The only vertical axis wind turbines I’m familiar with are the Maglev generators. You can find them at
www.greenstrides.com/2007/11/27

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ALEKO WG450MW 24V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

ALEKO WG450MW 24V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

From Manufacture: A wind turbine is a popular name for a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into electrical power. Technically, there is no turbine used in the design, but the term appears to have migrated from parallel hydroelectric technology (rotary propeller). The correct description for this type of machine would be aerofoil-powered generator. Our Aleko Wind generator will provide you with the power you need for your home or your business. Product Description: Low star
Price:$249.99 (as of the date/time of this post. detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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ALEKO WG450MW 24V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

Your Questions About Wind Generators For Boats

Lizzie asks…

Which wind turbines do barges & some yachts use for power?

I see barges, canal boats & occasionally small yachts with these brilliant looking (small) turbines on them.
Who makes them?
How much power do they produce, what do they power?

admin answers:

Here is a web site for you to start with

http://www.shop.solar-wind.co.uk/acatalog/marine_wind_generators_wind_turbines_aerogen.html

they supply small wind generators for boats, in both 12v and 24v application, capable of charging up to 3 banks of batteries. The web site will describe each system.

There is also much more info on line if you do a google search.

Http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&safe=off&rlz=1T4GGLL_enUS344US344&q=small+boat+marine+wind+turbines+in+europe&btnG=Search&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=

hope this helps

Maria asks…

I want to travel from long Beach harbor to Hawaii. What is the minimum sized boat for 6 people?

Using both sail and diesel to make the trip.

admin answers:

The more exact distance is 2,140 miles, still it will take you at least 15 days if weather & winds work in your favor.

You will need at least a 36 footer minimum – 46 footer if you need to be a bit more comfortable.

Your problem will be not enough space for stuff, the kind of food you take, fuel, and fresh water. Not one sailboat I know of in the under 50′ range will carry enough fuel to run your motor continually for more than a few days. So, you won’t be able to carry enouth fuel to continually run your engine or generator – therefore, you will have to get food that does not require refrigeration.

The Pacific crossing in that area is not friendly.

Without all of you having experience on a sailboat on the open seas – you would be much better off buying 24 first class tickets on a cruise ship and taking more friends. It would be much more fun, and much less cheaper.

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12 Volt Wind and Solar Charge Controller w/ LED Display & 1200 Watt Divert Load

12 Volt Wind and Solar Charge Controller w/ LED Display & 1200 Watt Divert Load

Comes pre-wired for plug & play with: charge controller with LED volt meter relay 1200 watt divert load 5 feet heavy duty battery cables rectifier for 3-phase output wind turbine connection You can also attach additional DC wind turbines & solar panels to the board. Assembled & quality checked by Missouri Wind and Solar in Seymour, Missouri. Some key features of this hybrid controller are: Multiple user changeable settings & trip points for various system requirements & applications. You can c
Price:$259.95 (as of October 17, 2017 at 12:22 am UTC detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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12 Volt Wind and Solar Charge Controller w/ LED Display & 1200 Watt Divert Load

Freedom II PMG 12/24 Volt Permanent Magnet Wind Turbine Generator from Missouri Wind and Solar

Freedom II PMG 12/24 Volt Permanent Magnet Wind Turbine Generator from Missouri Wind and Solar

If you are using the PMG on a 12 volt system choose the 12/24v model. For 24 volt systems use 24/48v model. For 48 volt systems use the 48/96v model. Our Freedom II PMGTM permanent magnet generator is specifically designed for wind turbine use and can even be used with vertical axis wind turbines (VAWT). Operating Information: Produces battery voltage at approximately 266 RPM in parallel; 133 RPM in series Produces twice (2x) the battery voltage at approximately 506 RPM in parallel; 253 RPM in s
Price:$399.95 (as of October 16, 2017 at 2:37 pm UTC detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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Freedom II PMG 12/24 Volt Permanent Magnet Wind Turbine Generator from Missouri Wind and Solar

Tumo-Int 5000 Watts 3 Blades Furled Tail Wind Turbine Generator with Hybrid Controller (120V)

Tumo-Int 5000 Watts 3 Blades Furled Tail Wind Turbine Generator with Hybrid Controller (120V)

Tumo Int Wind Turbine GeneratorTumo Int 5000W wind turbine is a low torque, low wind system, rated 5000W at 26.8 mph, start up wind speed is 4.47 mph. Wind and solar hybrid charge controller is included to convert AC to DC. Charge controller can handle 5000W wind load. Hybrid inverter also has built-in dump load function. Hybrid controller has LCD display to show the charging current and battery voltage. Product SpecificationRated power: 5000 watts Generator voltage: DC 110V Rated Speed: 400 RPM
Price:NA (as of October 17, 2017 at 12:22 am UTC product was unavailable detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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Tumo-Int 5000 Watts 3 Blades Furled Tail Wind Turbine Generator with Hybrid Controller (120V)

ALEKO WG450MW 12V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

ALEKO WG450MW 12V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

From Manufacture: A wind turbine is a popular name for a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into electrical power. Technically, there is no turbine used in the design, but the term appears to have migrated from parallel hydroelectric technology (rotary propeller). The correct description for this type of machine would be aerofoil-powered generator. Our Aleko Wind generator will provide you with the power you need for your home or your business. Product Description: Low star
Price:$229.99 (as of October 16, 2017 at 2:37 pm UTC detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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ALEKO WG450MW 12V Wind Generator Turbine 3 Blades

ALEKO® WGVQ300 Three Phase Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Vertical Wind Generator 300W 12V Wind Generator Turbine

ALEKO® WGVQ300 Three Phase Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Vertical Wind Generator 300W 12V Wind Generator Turbine

From Manufacture: A wind turbine is a popular name for a device that converts kinetic energy from the wind into electrical power. Technically, there is no turbine used in the design, but the term appears to have migrated from parallel hydroelectric technology (rotary propeller). The correct description for this type of machine would be aerofoil-powered generator. Our Aleko Wind generator will provide you with the power you need for your home or your business. Product Description: Low star
Price:NA (as of October 17, 2017 at 12:22 am UTC product was unavailable detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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ALEKO® WGVQ300 Three Phase Permanent Magnet AC Synchronous Vertical Wind Generator 300W 12V Wind Generator Turbine

ECO-WORTHY 12 Volts to 110 Volts Wind Solar Power: 400W Wind Turbine Generator & 3pcs 160W Poly Solar Panels & 1KW 12V-110V Off Grid Inverter & Cable Connector for Home Solar Power

ECO-WORTHY 12 Volts to 110 Volts Wind Solar Power: 400W Wind Turbine Generator & 3pcs 160W Poly Solar Panels & 1KW 12V-110V Off Grid Inverter & Cable Connector for Home Solar Power

160W Poly Solar PanelRated power:160WOpen circut voltage (Voc):22.5VMax. Voltage (Vmp):18.7VShort circuit current (Isc):8.57AMax.current (Imp):8.04AOutput Tolerance:±3%Temperate coefficient of Isc:(0.10+/- 0.01)%/ ℃Temperate coefficient of Voc:- (0.38 +/-0.01)%/ ℃Temperate coefficient of power Voc:-0.47%/℃Temperature range:-40℃~+80℃Frame:Heavy duty aluminumKind of glass and its thickness:Low Iron,high transparency tempered glass of 3.2mmSLA Battery Voltage:12VSize:57.8"*26.3"*1.4" (14
Price:$1,034.00 (as of October 16, 2017 at 2:37 pm UTC detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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ECO-WORTHY 12 Volts to 110 Volts Wind Solar Power: 400W Wind Turbine Generator & 3pcs 160W Poly Solar Panels & 1KW 12V-110V Off Grid Inverter & Cable Connector for Home Solar Power

Your Questions About Wind Turbine Cost

Linda asks…

where can I find grants to help build a wind turbine?

I live in MT. I am looking for grants that would help pay for some or all of the cost to build and hook a wind turbine to power my house. The costs for wind turbine are expensive but I would like to try to find alternative energy sources for my home.

admin answers:

Forget about grants. If you want it bad enough you will get off your lazy butt and earn the money to build one. Why should someone else pay for you to have a wind turbine?

Nancy asks…

Who really wants to save on their electric bill by using solar or wind turbine?

Hello; There are many states that have grants and / or enticements to go to solar or wind turbines to help defray the cost of these technologies. I hear you people talking but when are you going to do something about it?

admin answers:

(I got this from my solar guy)
In New Jersey it’s a pretty good deal. I’m not making a political statement, just a financial one.

For Residential:
30% Federal Tax Credit
SRECs are good until 2026, currently selling at $655/SREC (which means for every 1MW produced). They are mandated by NJ State Law.

For Commercial:
30% Federal Grant
SRECs are good until 2026, currently selling at $655/SREC (which means for every 1MW produced). They are mandated by NJ State Law.
Accelerated Depreciation (allows you to depreciate 85%-100% of the cost of the system the first year)

The IRR is between 20-30%.
~~~~~~~~~~~
Good luck.

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ALEKO WGV30W24V-APE Wind Generator Wind Turbine

ALEKO WGV30W24V-APE Wind Generator Wind Turbine

Features: Every turbine is finely balanced. Smooth rotation is ensured Quiet in operation Unique and purpose designed generator The turbine spinning when other wind generators stall Overall delivers more Ampere hours of power per day especially in low to average wind speed. This is the one of the small size ALEKO vertical wind generator, can be around the home, farm, boat, business, or anywhere else where the power is needed. This is a great working conversation piece to show the potential of wh
Price:NA (as of October 17, 2017 at 12:22 am UTC product was unavailable detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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ALEKO WGV30W24V-APE Wind Generator Wind Turbine

PowerMax+2KW Wind Turbine for Home and Business

PowerMax+2KW Wind Turbine for Home and Business

This generator produces 2kw three phase unregulated AC at 20 mph wind speed with a maxium output of 2.5 kw at 25 mph. The AC is converted to 48v DC by the charge controller to charge a 48v battery bank. With a proper inverter, you can get 120v from the battery bank to power your appliances or feed back to the grid. This low cost and easy setup system is the most economical solution on the market for you to reduce your carbon trace. This solution is very applicable for homes, cabines, small busi
Price:$1,965.87 (as of October 16, 2017 at 2:37 pm UTC detailsProduct prices and availability are accurate as of the date/time indicated and are subject to change. Any price and availability information displayed on www.amazon.com at the time of purchase will apply to the purchase of this product.)

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PowerMax+2KW Wind Turbine for Home and Business
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